Bangladesh has begun importing cleaner diesel oil with Low- Sulphur contents to ensure a better environment by way of averting pollution. Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) has brushed up the existing standard grade diesel fuel from January 2015.
A various grade of standards on diesel fuel is available, among them two standard grade diesel fuel is popular: Standard Grade Diesel and Low Sulphur grade diesel. Standard Grade diesel contains maximum 500ppm Sulphur popular as ‘Standard Diesel 500ppm’ and Low Sulphur grade diesel contains maximum 50ppm Sulphur which is popular as ‘Low-Sulphur diesel 50ppm’.
Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC) has begun importing diesel fuel with a lower Sulphur content of 0.05% (500 parts per million, or ppm) after getting instructions from the Ministry of Environment and Forest.
The BPC earlier used to import only 0.25 percent Sulphur-containing diesel to meet country’s mounting demand in the transport sector, power plants, irrigation and in industries. Now BPC is importing the cleaner fuel in line with instructions from the Ministry of Environment and Forest.
Why this ‘Low-Sulphur diesel 50ppm’ has brought under a consideration to the diesel fuel import? Sulphur occurs naturally in crude oil and the Sulphur content can range anywhere between 100 and 33,000 parts per million (ppm). If the Sulphur is not removed during the refining process it will contaminate the diesel fuel.
All of the foreign suppliers of BPC are supplying this Low-Sulphur Diesel fuel from January 2015. Another supplier Kuwait Petroleum Company (KPC) has started the supply of this fuel later in January 2016. The first shipment came from the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) on 5 January 2015. The second consignment has reached Chittagong seaport from Petco, a trading arm of Malaysia’s Petronas.
Besides BPC has term deals with KPC, Petco, PNOC, Emirates National Oil Company (ENOC), PetroChina, Indonesia’s Bumi Siak Pusako, Vietnam’s Petrolimex, and Unipec Singapore and new supplier Turkish Petroleum International Company.
BPC is the country’s only importer of diesel fuel, and currently, imports more than 3.5 million tons of diesel fuel each year to meet domestic demand. The import of Low-Sulphur Diesel fuel has raised the price by of diesel fuel 40 to 60 U.S. cents per barrel.